The similitudes of Madeira, Azores, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde


Due to its geographical location, uniqueness of the ecological conditions and the isolation of regions of her constituents meets a high diversity of species and unique plant communities. Macaronesia is considered as one of the most important biodiversity centers worldwide.


Madeira and Azores Islands, in Portugal; Canary Islands, in Spain, and Cape Verde Islands, in Africa. Do you know what they have in common? Discover what makes Madeira special from a nature standpoint and why the Laurisilva forest became a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

  • In terms of indigenous plant diversity, the constituents of the islands Macronesia total approximately 4500 species of vascular plants, of which about one-fifth are given unique endemic and about 220 islands shared.


  • It is estimated that 418 vascular species, ie about 50% of endemic vascular plant species of the Azores, Madeira and Canary are endangered presently being 123 rises the auspices of the Habitats Directive.


  • Azorean bellflower (Azorina vidalii)
  • bottlenose dolphins, sperm whales and pilot whales
  • little shearwaters (Puffinus assimilis baroli), Madeiran storm-petrels (Oceanodroma castro), roseate terns (Sterna dougallii)



  • geranium (Geranium maderense) and scilla (Scilla maderensis)
  • Zino’s petrel (Pterodroma madeira)
  • land snails, sea turtles, bottlenose dolphins, Mediterranean monk seals (Monachus monachus) and Fea’s petrel (Pterodroma feae)



  • blue chaffinch (Fringilla teydea)